The storage, handling and use of fireworks is regulated under the Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations. Fireworks are classified as either shopgoods fireworks or display fireworks.
Shopgoods fireworks are small fireworks sold to the general public for use. They are generally weaker in explosive power compared to those used for professional displays. Shopgoods fireworks are designed to be used in a small area, such as a suburban backyard, by persons with no training in the safe use of fireworks.
Display fireworks are large fireworks intended for use in outdoor displays. Only holders of a Northern Territory pyrotechnics licence are allowed to apply for a fireworks permit. Fireworks operators must be trained in the use fireworks and operate to a national standard.
There are various categories of display fireworks:
- Ground display fireworks are those which function primarily on the ground but may project stars or other objects. They include mines, roman candles, lances, fountains and wheels.
- Aerial fireworks are designed to burst in the air at either a low or high level and are projected from a mortar by means of a lifting charge. Aerial fireworks may contain stars, comets, serpents, crackers, streamers or other effects.
- Salutes are aerial shells that are designed to produce a single loud report on bursting in the air.
- Close proximity pyrotechnics or theatrical fireworks are designed for use at close proximity to performers, audiences and structures. They include fountains, flash pots, fireballs and smoke effects.
- Chinese string fireworks.
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